Monthly Archives: October 2012

Social factors trump genetic forces in forging friendships, study finds

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Social factors trump genetic forces in forging friendships, study finds
Genetic similarities may help to explain why human birds of a feather flock together, but the full story of why people become friends is contingent upon the social environment in which individuals interact with one another.

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Distinct developmental patterns identified in children with autism during their first three years

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Distinct developmental patterns identified in children with autism during their first three years
Researchers have found a preclinical phase in children with autism that is not easily detected. Published in the journal Child Development, the study found that early in development, children who display early signs of ASD show greater initial delay across multiple aspects of development compared to children whose ASD symptoms emerge later.

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Women undergoing IVF report problems with sexual relationship, study finds

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Women undergoing IVF report problems with sexual relationship, study finds
A new study has found that women undergoing in-vitro fertilization report that the process of infertility treatment has many negative impacts on their sexual relationship with their partner. Little attention has been given to the sexual dynamics of couples as they navigate infertility and treatments such as IVF, despite the important role that sex plays in a couple’s attempt to conceive a child.

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Higher education levels in women change relationship patterns

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Higher education levels in women change relationship patterns
The number of couples in which the woman has a higher level of university studies than her male partner is growing steadily and in many countries this trend surpasses the opposite situation, which historically has been the predominant.

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Researchers to debate the call for sexual abstinence education in schools

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Researchers to debate the call for sexual abstinence education in schools
Introducing abstinence education into UK schools could be a less effective substitute for comprehensive Sex and Relationship Education aimed at children and young adults, say a research team.

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More than good vibes: Researchers propose the science behind mindfulness

ScienceDaily: Spirituality News
More than good vibes: Researchers propose the science behind mindfulness
Achieving mindfulness through meditation has helped people maintain a healthy mind by quelling negative emotions and thoughts, such as desire, anger and anxiety, and encouraging more positive dispositions such as compassion, empathy and forgiveness. Those who have reaped the benefits of mindfulness know that it works. But how exactly does it work?

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Neurotransmitters linked to mating behavior are shared by mammals and worms

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Neurotransmitters linked to mating behavior are shared by mammals and worms
When it comes to sex, animals of all shapes and sizes tend behave in predictable ways. There may be a chemical reason for that. New research has shown that chemicals in the brain — neuropeptides known as vasopressin and oxytocin — play a role in coordinating mating and reproductive behavior in animals ranging from humans to fish to invertebrates.

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When she says, ‘It’s not you, it’s me,’ it really might be you, study suggests

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
When she says, ‘It’s not you, it’s me,’ it really might be you, study suggests
Long after women have chosen Mr. Stable over Mr. Sexy, they struggle subconsciously with the decision, suggests a new study from researchers who look at subtle, unconscious behaviors during ovulation. At their most fertile period, these women are less likely to feel close to their mates and more likely to find fault with them than women mated to sexually desirable men, according to the research.

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Traumatic consequences long after fall of the Berlin Wall

ScienceDaily: Stress News
Traumatic consequences long after fall of the Berlin Wall
One in three former political prisoners of the German Democratic Republic still suffers from sleeping disorders, nightmares and irrational fear. Researchers reveal these post-traumatic stress disorders in a study — the first to examine the post-traumatic consequences in former political prisoners over a period of 15 years.

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Greater parental stress linked to children’s obesity, fast food use, reduced activity

ScienceDaily: Stress News
Greater parental stress linked to children’s obesity, fast food use, reduced activity
Parents with a higher number of stressors in their lives are more likely to have obese children, according to a new study. Children also ate fast food more often if their parents perceived themselves as stressed.

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Friendship 2.0: Teens’ technology use promotes sense of belonging, identity

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Friendship 2.0: Teens’ technology use promotes sense of belonging, identity
A new study shows that digital media helps teens reach developmental milestones, such as fostering a sense of belonging and sharing personal problems. But the study also raised questions about whether digital connectedness might hinder the development of an autonomous sense of self.

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Cyberbullying only rarely the sole factor identified in teen suicides

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Cyberbullying only rarely the sole factor identified in teen suicides
Cyberbullying – the use of the Internet, phones or other technologies to repeatedly harass or mistreat peers – is often linked with teen suicide in media reports. However, new research shows that the reality is more complex. Most teen suicide victims are bullied both online and in school, and many suicide victims also suffer from depression.

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How to prove a sexual addiction: Criteria for diagnosing ‘hypersexual disorder’ tested

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
How to prove a sexual addiction: Criteria for diagnosing ‘hypersexual disorder’ tested
Experts have tested a proposed set of criteria to define “Hypersexual Disorder” (HD), as a new mental health condition, and found the proposed criteria to be reliable and valid. The results will influence whether HD should be included in the forthcoming revised fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders considered the “bible” of psychiatry.

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Science reveals the power of a handshake

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Science reveals the power of a handshake
New neuroscience research is confirming an old adage about the power of a handshake: strangers do form a better impression of those who proffer their hand in greeting.

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Foster kids do equally well when adopted by gay, lesbian or heterosexual parents, study suggests

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Foster kids do equally well when adopted by gay, lesbian or heterosexual parents, study suggests
High-risk children adopted from foster care do equally well when placed with gay, lesbian and heterosexual parents, psychologists report.

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Cancer diagnosis does not make young people religious, research suggests

ScienceDaily: Spirituality News
Cancer diagnosis does not make young people religious, research suggests
A sociologist of religion has interviewed 21 young patients diagnosed with a life-threatening cancer about their religious beliefs. She concludes that a cancer diagnosis will not make young people, who are not religious already, turn to religion. But it can confirm already existing beliefs.

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Children with autism can identify misbehavior but have trouble putting it in words, study finds

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Children with autism can identify misbehavior but have trouble putting it in words, study finds
Children with autism have difficulty identifying inappropriate social behavior, and even when successful, they are often unable to justify why the behavior seemed inappropriate. New brain imaging studies show that children with autism may recognize socially inappropriate behavior, but have difficulty using spoken language to explain why the behavior is considered inappropriate, according to new research.

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Men, women have different stress reactions to relationship conflict

ScienceDaily: Stress News
Men, women have different stress reactions to relationship conflict
Men and women who are expectant parents have different stress reactions to relationship conflict, according to researchers, who studied couples expecting their first child. In addition, recovery from the initial reaction to conflict also can be different for men and women, depending on individual difficulties, such as anxiety, or relationship difficulties, such as chronic relationship conflict.

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College students’ sexual hookups more complex than originally thought

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
College students’ sexual hookups more complex than originally thought
Researchers prepared a comprehensive academic review of the sexual hookup culture. Their finding concluded that these encounters, which are increasingly becoming the ‘norm,’ mark a shift in the openness and acceptance of uncommitted sex among U.S. “emerging adults” during the transitional developmental period between adolescence and young adulthood.

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Are young people who join social media protests more likely to protest offline too?

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Are young people who join social media protests more likely to protest offline too?
Among adults who use social media such as Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, and blogs for political purposes, 42% are under the age of 30. A case study of the controversial Budget Repair Bill in Wisconsin explored whether young adults who use social media are more likely to engage in offline protests.

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Religious affiliation and residence in Muslim-majority nations influence sexual behavior, study finds

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Religious affiliation and residence in Muslim-majority nations influence sexual behavior, study finds
Hindus and Muslims are less likely than Christians and Jews to have premarital sex, and Muslims are the least likely among people of these religious groups to have extramarital sex, according to a new study that analyzed data on premarital and extramarital sexual behaviors in over 30 developing countries around the world.

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Does true love wait? Age of first sexual experience predicts romantic outcomes in adulthood

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Does true love wait? Age of first sexual experience predicts romantic outcomes in adulthood
It’s a common lament among parents: Kids are growing up too fast these days. Parents worry about their kids getting involved in all kinds of risky behavior, but they worry especially about their kids’ forays into sexual relationships. A new study examines whether timing of sexual initiation in adolescence predicts romantic outcomes — such as whether people get married or live with their partners, number of romantic partners, and relationship satisfaction — later in adulthood.

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Religious affiliation and residence in Muslim-majority nations influence sexual behavior, study finds

ScienceDaily: Spirituality News
Religious affiliation and residence in Muslim-majority nations influence sexual behavior, study finds
Hindus and Muslims are less likely than Christians and Jews to have premarital sex, and Muslims are the least likely among people of these religious groups to have extramarital sex, according to a new study that analyzed data on premarital and extramarital sexual behaviors in over 30 developing countries around the world.

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Immune response may link social rejection to later health outcomes

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Immune response may link social rejection to later health outcomes
No matter how you look at it, rejection hurts. Experiencing rejection from a boss, a friend, or a partner is difficult for many adults to handle. But adolescents, who are dealing with the one-two punch of biological and social change, may be most vulnerable to its negative effects. A new study examines the immune response as a potential link between social stressors like rejection and later mental and physical health outcomes.

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Fathers matter when it comes to their teenager’s sexual behavior

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Fathers matter when it comes to their teenager’s sexual behavior
A new study suggests that fathers’ parenting behavior influences the sexual behavior of their adolescent children, but most parent-based research has neglected to examine the specific role of fathers.

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Link between creativity and mental illness confirmed in large-scale Swedish study

ScienceDaily: Bipolar Disorder News
Link between creativity and mental illness confirmed in large-scale Swedish study
People in creative professions are treated more often for mental illness than the general population, there being a particularly salient connection between writing and schizophrenia, according to researchers whose large-scale Swedish registry study is the most comprehensive ever in its field.

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Compounds that could thwart post-traumatic stress disorder identified

ScienceDaily: Stress News
Compounds that could thwart post-traumatic stress disorder identified
A brain pathway that is stimulated by traumatic or fearful experiences can be disrupted by two compounds that show promise for preventing post-traumatic stress disorder, researchers have reported.

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Missing link between mental health disorders and chronic diseases in Iraq war refugees

ScienceDaily: Stress News
Missing link between mental health disorders and chronic diseases in Iraq war refugees
Researchers may have discovered why people exposed to war are at increased risk to develop chronic problems like heart disease years later. And the culprit that links the two is surprising.

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Social contact can ease pain related to nerve damage, animal study suggests

ScienceDaily: Relationship News
Social contact can ease pain related to nerve damage, animal study suggests
Companionship has the potential to reduce pain linked to nerve damage, according to a new study. This animal research suggests that the social contact had both behavioral and physiological influences.

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Replicating risk genes in bipolar disorder

ScienceDaily: Bipolar Disorder News
Replicating risk genes in bipolar disorder
One of the biggest challenges in psychiatric genetics has been to replicate findings across large studies. Scientists have now performed one of the largest ever genetic replication studies of bipolar affective disorder, with 28,000 subjects recruited from 36 different research centers. Their findings provide compelling evidence that the chromosome 3p21.1 locus contains a common genetic risk for bipolar disorder, the PBRM1 gene.

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